news from the projects

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World Environment Day is celebrated on June 5 of each year, since 1974. The theme of the 45th edition commemorated this year is "Air pollution".
HPP-Congo fully corroborates the choice of this theme because the quality of the air we breathe is increasingly worrying because nine out of ten people in the world are exposed to levels of air pollutants higher than the safety levels of the  World Health Organization (WHO).

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This year's theme invites us all to reflect on how we can change our lives to reduce the air pollution we produce (and breathe!) And thus counteract its contribution to global warming and its effects on our health.

What are the main sources of air pollution and what are the contributions of HPP-Congo to their reduction when they are part of its areas of intervention?

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1) Agriculture :

In a basic way, agriculture contributes to emissions of nitrogen compounds, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), methane and pesticides, as well as primary particles such as sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOX). ).

Agriculture has two main sources of air pollution: livestock, which produce gases such as methane and ammonia, and the burning of agricultural waste. About 24% of all greenhouse gases emitted worldwide come from agriculture, forestry and other land uses

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HPP-Congo contributes to the mitigation of air pollution in the agricultural sector through the practice of conservation agriculture within Farmers' Clubs projects. The 25,561 farmers supported by these projects since 2011 contribute significantly to the protection of the environment by practicing an integrated agricultural production system based on ecological principles that respect life and natural cycles.

These activities aimed at promoting agroecosystem biodiversity, as well as the biological activity of soils are done through the application of techniques such as:

Mechanical or thermal weeding that prevents the incineration of grasses.
- Biological control and the use of natural pesticides because chemical pesticides release greenhouse gases into the air, which leads to its pollution and destruction of the ozone layer.

- The reduction or even the suppression of tillage because it causes a volatilization of greenhouse gases such as ammonia in the atmosphere.
- Soil improvement through crop rotations, the use of natural fertilizers (eg manure, rock dust, compost) and green manures.

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2) Domestic activities

Indeed, the main source of domestic air pollution is the combustion of fossil fuels such as butane and petroleum, wood and other biomass fuels in households to cook, heat and light homes. About 3.8 million premature deaths are caused each year by indoor air pollution, the vast majority of them in developing countries.

As part of the reduction of air pollution through domestic activities, HPP-Congo is conducting the following actions:
- Encourages households to significantly reduce the use of wood for cooking by training in the manufacture and use of improved kilns.
- Train community members in the production of natural fertilizer through the composting of household organic waste.

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3) Other forms of air pollution on which HPP-Congo does not act so much

Apart from agricultural and domestic activities, air is also polluted by gases discharged into the atmosphere by industrial installations, transport and other non-human sources such as volcanic eruptions, dust storms and other natural processes.

HPP-Congo is involved in reducing pollution from industrial facilities through the sale of second-hand clothing products, promoting recycling and reuse and reducing the production of new clothing.

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It should be noted that in addition to the above-mentioned actions undertaken by HPP-Congo to reduce air pollution, reforestation, the ultimate source of oxygen production, is practiced by all HPP-Congo projects. At least 687,656 trees have been planted from 2013 to date by communities in all project implementation areas, in addition to the 215,000 trees planted by environmental projects implemented by HPP-Congo in the provinces of Kongo Central, Mai-Ndombe and Haut-Katanga.

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The positive impacts of the activities implemented by HPP-Congo in the context of environmental protection contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):

    SDG1  SDG11  SDG13

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